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                    Rapid advances in cereal biotechnology have emerged as a convincing alternative to the conventional breeding techniques, which are often complicated and cumbersome, hampering the much-desired increase in grain quality and quantity. Wheat is characterized by a large genome size (~17000 Mb) thus making the improvement process by any method genetically challenging. Crop biotechnology has emerged as one of the latest tools of agricultural research in concert with traditional plant breeding. Subsequent to the change in the global food policy, in the last few decades, emphasis in wheat improvement have shifted from raising the yield potential to quality characteristics, resistance to biotic stresses and tolerance to abiotic stresses to meet the future demands associated with global weather changes. Additionally, the surplus grain situation has also forced a shift in perspective from quantity production to quality and value addition to enhance the overall exportability of wheat. With the advent of new strategies for gene transfer, it is now feasible that wheat too, in its various genetically modified forms, will soon mark its presence in the world market. The present endeavor thus envisages to evolve strategies for efficient gene delivery in Indian wheat varieties of commercial significance, and to develop transgenics capable of withstanding the changing global climatic changes and meet the ever-increasing demand both quantitatively as well as qualitatively. A three-pronged approach is thus envisioned to meet the futuristic challenges in Wheat Biotechnology which are as follows:
            Genomics and Gene Discovery
Regeneration and Transgenic Production
Manipulation of Agronomic Traits for Abiotic Stress Tolerance